Nutrition

What’s in My Bubble Tea?

05 Jul 2019

Bubble tea is a wildly popular drink in Singapore and its variety seems to have exploded over recent years. With the basic brew consisting of tea, milk, creamer, sugar and tapioca pearls, bubble tea is ubiquitous on our sunny
island but what is its nutritional value and how much of it should we be drinking?

Tea is good for you – but not everything that’s added to it
Drinking green tea and black tea has been associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, arthritis and even cancer. This is due to their polyphenols which have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

However, when ingredients like non-dairy creamer and toppings are added in, the increase in fat and sugar content instead increases the risk of chronic diseases. For instance, non-dairy creamer contains trans fat in the form of hydrogenated palm oil which has been strongly correlated with increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Another thing to consider is the amount of sugar present in a cup of bubble tea. A medium-sized 500ml bubble milk tea with pearls and the full amount of sugar has 8 teaspoons of sugar and 335 calories. The larger 700ml size has 11 teaspoons of sugar and 469 calories. The growing popularity of newer varieties such as honey pearls or brown sugar syrup would mean exceeding HPB’s recommendation of 8-11 teaspoons of sugar per day for adults – all in a single drink! Kids and teenagers should be having even less, with HPB recommending less than 5 teaspoons of sugar each day.

Ultimately, bubble tea is still considered a sugar-sweetened beverage – placing it among the likes of soft drinks, energy drinks and 3-in-1 instant coffees and teas.

Milk Tea with PearlsBrown Sugar Milk Tea with PearlsMango Green TeaPassionfruit Green TeaWinter Melon TeaJasmine Green Tea with FruitsAvocado Tea with Pearls
8 teaspoons of sugar18.5 teaspoons of sugar8 teaspoons of sugar8.5 teaspoons of sugar16 teaspoons of sugar8.5 teaspoons of sugar7.5 teaspoons of sugar

*Take note that jellies and pearls are kept in a sweet syrup before serving to keep them moist, thus adding to the
sugar content of your drink

What are some healthier options for toppings?
Not all toppings are equal in their amount of energy. Choose a lower calorie option if you want to go for toppings,for instance aloe vera, herbal jelly or white pearls instead of the classic black tapioca pearls – or skip the toppings altogether.

Tapioca Pearls156White Pearls42
Coconut Jelly76Ai Yu Jelly45
Herbal Jelly57Pudding Jelly89
Aloe Vera31Rainbow Jelly71
Red Bean40Oreo1160at
Cereal54Milk Foam203
Cheese Foam160 to 200

*Take note that jellies and pearls are kept in a sweet syrup before serving to keep them moist, thus adding to the
sugar content of your drink

Can I make drinking bubble tea a guilt free experience?

Do bear in mind that the calories in 1 medium cup of bubble tea rival that of a slice of cheesecake, so limiting your intake is important if you are watching your weight. Here are some tips to improve the nutritional content of your bubble tea!

  1. Choose a smaller cup with lesser sugar (30% and below) or with sweetener if available
  2. Order a lower calorie topping or no toppings at all
  3. Ask for fresh milk (low fat or skimmed milk are better)
  4. Limit yourself to 1 or 2 bubble teas in a week. You can share with a friend instead of buying 1 each, to split the
    calories and save money too.
  5. Plain teas such as green tea, oolong tea and black tea are available from many bubble tea outlets – and these have
    zero calories.
  6. Reduce the sugar level step by step. A gradual reduction will help to train your taste buds over time so that you
    will not crave for sugary drinks as much.

Some bubble tea shops don’t allow customers to choose the sweetness level or change the toppings, so choose a place which allows you to make these healthier choices.

REFERENCES
Sweeter than soda? The hidden sugars in bubble tea. CNA. Mediacorp Pte Ltd. Retrieved from < https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/bubble-tea-sugar-content-sweeter-than-coke-soda-11063316>
Accessed 26 June 2019.

Cheong T. & Wong H.X. (2019) Bubble Tea: Healthy or Not? Healthxchange.sg
(Singhealth, Singapore General Hospital. Retrieved from < https://www.healthxchange.sg/food-nutrition/food-tips/bubble-tea-healthy-or-not>
Accessed 26 June 2019.

K N. (2018) How Many Calories Are in Tapioca Bubble Tea? Livestrong.com Retrieved from
< https://www.healthxchange.sg/food-nutrition/food-tips/bubble-tea-healthy-or-not>
Accessed 26 June 2019.

Krisnan R. (2017) Gong Cha Spills Their Calorie Counts On The Menu For Less Sinful Life Decisions. The Smart Local.
Retrieved from < https://thesmartlocal.com/read/gongcha-calories>
Accessed 26 June 2019.

Min J.E., Green D.B. & Kim L. (2016) Calories and sugars in boba milk tea: implications for obesity risk in Asian
Pacific Islanders. Food science & Nutrition. 2017 Jan; 5(1): 38–45.

Vos M.B., Kaar J.L., Welsh J.A., Van Horn L.V., Feig D.I., Anderson C.A.M., Patel M.J., Munos J.C., Krebs N.F.,
Xanthakos S.A. & Johnson R.K. (2017) Added Sugars and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Children: A Scientific
Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2017;135:e1017–e1034.

Health Promotion Board – Energy and Nutrient Composition of Food

This article is contributed by Rachel Tso, Dietitian at Mount Alvernia Hospital. To learn more about our Nutrition and Dietitian services, click here